Go Runtime Download: The Official Source for the Go Programming Language
How to Download and Install the Go Runtime
Go, sometimes referred to as "Golang", is an open-source programming language that was released by Google in 2012. Google's intention was to create a programming language that could be learned quickly, run fast, and support concurrency. Since its release, Go has become highly popular among developers and is used for various applications ranging from cloud or server-side applications, to artificial intelligence and robotics.
download go runtime
The Go runtime is the software that runs your Go programs. It includes the compiler, linker, debugger, standard library, and other tools that you need to write, build, and run Go code. The Go runtime also provides features such as garbage collection, reflection, concurrency, and error handling.
In this article, we will show you how to download and install the latest version of the Go runtime on your computer, how to write and run a simple Go program, and how to use some of the features and tools of the Go runtime.
How to Download the Go Runtime
The first step to install the Go runtime is to download the binary file that matches your operating system. The current stable version of Go is 1.20.4, but you can check the official website for any updates.
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Choose the Right Version for Your Operating System
The Go runtime supports various operating systems such as Linux, Mac OS, Windows, FreeBSD, and others. You can find the list of supported platforms on . Make sure you choose the right version for your operating system and architecture (32-bit or 64-bit).
Download the Binary File from the Official Website
Once you have chosen the right version for your operating system, you can download the binary file from . The file name will have a format like go1.20.4.linux-amd64.tar.gz, where go1.20.4 is the version number, linux-amd64 is the operating system and architecture, and tar.gz is the file extension.
You can also use a command-line tool like curl or wget to download the file. For example, on Linux you can use:
curl -OL (
Verify the Checksum of the File
To verify the integrity of the file you downloaded, you can compare its SHA256 checksum with the one listed on . The checksum is a string of hexadecimal digits that represents a unique fingerprint of the file. If the checksums match, it means that the file has not been corrupted or tampered with.
You can use a command-line tool like sha256sum or openssl to calculate the checksum of the file. For example, on Linux you can use:
openssl dgst -sha256 go1.20.4.linux-amd64.tar.gz
The output should be something like:
If the checksums do not match, you should download the file again or try a different source.
How to Install the Go Runtime
The next step to install the Go runtime is to extract the file you downloaded to a suitable location on your computer and add the Go bin directory to your PATH environment variable. This will allow you to access the Go commands from any terminal or command prompt.
Extract the File to a Suitable Location
You can extract the file to any location on your computer, but the recommended location is /usr/local/go for Linux and Mac OS, and C:\Go for Windows. You can use a command-line tool like tar or 7-Zip to extract the file. For example, on Linux you can use:
sudo tar -C /usr/local -xzf go1.20.4.linux-amd64.tar.gz
This will create a directory called go under /usr/local, which will contain the Go runtime files.
Add the Go Bin Directory to Your PATH Environment Variable
The Go bin directory is where the Go commands are located. You need to add this directory to your PATH environment variable so that you can run them from any terminal or command prompt. The Go bin directory is usually /usr/local/go/bin for Linux and Mac OS, and C:\Go\bin for Windows.
You can add the Go bin directory to your PATH environment variable by editing your shell configuration file (such as .bashrc or .zshrc) for Linux and Mac OS, or by using the System Properties dialog for Windows. You can find more detailed instructions on .
Test Your Installation by Running go version
To test if your installation was successful, you can run the go version command from any terminal or command prompt. This will display the version of the Go runtime that you have installed. For example, on Linux you can use:
The output should be something like:
go version go1.20.4 linux/amd64
If you see an error message or a different output, you should check your installation steps and your PATH environment variable.
How to Use the Go Runtime
Now that you have installed the Go runtime, you can start writing and running Go programs. In this section, we will show you how to write a simple Hello, World program in Go, how to compile and run your program with go run or go build, and how to learn more about Go features and tools with go help.
Write a Simple Hello, World Program in Go
A Hello, World program is a simple program that prints "Hello, World" to the standard output. It is often used as a first program to test a new programming language or environment. To write a Hello, World program in Go, you need to create a file with a .go extension (such as hello.go) and write the following code:
package main import "fmt" func main() fmt.Println("Hello, World")
This code defines a main package with a main function that calls the fmt.Println function from the fmt package (which is part of the standard library) to print "Hello, World" followed by a newline.
Compile and Run Your Program with go run or go build
To compile and run your program, you can use either the go run or the go build command from any terminal or command prompt. The go run command compiles and runs your program in one step, while the go build command compiles your program and creates an executable file that you can run later.
To use the go run command, you need to provide the name of your source file as an argument. For example, on Linux you can use:
go run hello.go
This will compile and run your program and display the output:
To use the go build command, you need to provide either the name of your source file or your package name as an argument. For example, on Linux you can use:
go build hello.go
go build .
This will compile your program and create an executable file called hello (or hello.exe on Windows) in the same directory as your source file. You can then run the executable file by typing its name. For example, on Linux you can use:
This will run your program and display the same output as before:
Learn More About Go Features and Tools with go help
The Go runtime provides a lot of features and tools that you can use to write, test, debug, format, document, and distribute your Go programs. To learn more about them, you can use the go help command from any terminal or command prompt. The go help command displays information about the usage and options of the Go commands and subcommands. For example, on Linux you can use:
This will display a list of the available Go commands and a brief descriptio